- Ibriy (Hebrew) - shabbath, shab-bawth'; intens. from H7673; intermission.
B'ereshiyth (Genesis) 2:2-3 And on the seventh day Elohiym ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And Elohiym blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which Elohiym created and made.
There are in fact TWO seven-day weeks in use in modern times. There is the secular seven-day week used by "Sun-day" keepers and the rest of the world, and there is the scriptural seven-day week used by shabbath keepers (see the article Pagan Names of the Weekdays). The secular seven-day week has days named after pagan deities and each of its days starts and ends at midnight. The scriptural seven-day week has days that are numbered sequentially and each of its days starts and ends at sundown. Two completely different systems, one pagan and one scriptural, to identify the seven days of the week established by Yahuwah at His creation.
Modern (Gregorian) calendars invariably show the days of the week as "Sunday" through "Saturday," or scripturally the first day of the week through the seventh day of the week. These calendars are correct in their alignment of the days except for the time the day actually starts and ends. "Saturday" is the part of the seventh day of the week (seventh day ends at sundown) under the pagan system of names for those days.
In B'ereshiyth 2, above, Mosheh (Moses) wrote through the inspiration of the Sacred Spirit that our Eloah, whose name is Yahuwah (yah-hoo-wah), rested on the seventh day. Later on, in Shemot (Exodus) 20 (the ten words or commandments), he wrote that Yahuwah had sanctified that day for the children of Yisra'el and they were to observe it as a day of rest perpetually as a memorial of His creation (Shemot 31:16-17). Keep in mind also that all Gentiles who have obeyed the gospel ARE children of Yisra'el and are therefore covered under this same statement (Ephesios [Ephesians] 2:19).
In B'ereshiyth it is very doubtful that the day Yahuwah rested on was one of twenty-four hours, but the day named in Shemot assuredly is. Note that then the days started and ended at sundown, just as when Yahushua walked the earth, instead of the modern secular tradition of midnight to midnight.
Modern man has perverted and changed this day as surely as he has perverted and changed everything else of Yahuwah, and turned it to his own devices through the traditions of men.
This perversion of the day started as soon as the apostles left the scene. It appears from historical records that the main reason for the movement away from the seventh day shabbath was the problems that the Roman Empire was giving the "Christians" at the time. They wanted to distance themselves from the Yahudiym so that they would be spared the trouble that was being handed the Yahudiym by the Rhomaios (Romans). Constantine, who was a sun worshiper ALL of his life, issued an edict concerning resting on the first day, but it had nothing to do with the "Christian" movement toward Sunday as the "Christian Sabbath." That edict just became one more flimsy piece of false evidence for modern "churches" to use as "proof" that the day had been changed.
At the Council of Laodicea in 364 CE was passed Canon XXIX that says "Christians must not judaize by resting on the Sabbath, but must work on that day, rather honoring the Lord's Day; and, if they can, resting then as Christians. But if any shall be found to be judaizers, let them be anathema from Christ." Of course it was considered to be binding on the whole "Christian" world.
Until that time, that "church" had referred to the seventh day as the shabbath and the first day was called the Lord's Day (Lord being a title for the pagan deity Ba'al and he was worshipped on the first day of the week). Those faiths that observe the first day of the week, Sun-day, or the venerable day of the Sun as the pagans called it, as the shabbath, are but obeying the pagan pope of the pagan Roman Catholic Church, instead of the Creator of the universe.
- Greek - sabbaton, sab'-bat-on; of Ibriy; the Shabbath or day of weekly repose from secular avocations (also the observance or institution itself); by extens. a sevennight, i.e. the interval between two Shabbaths; likewise the plur. in all the above applications:--shabbath (day), week.
Markos (Mark) 2:27-28 And He said to them, "The shabbath was made for man and not man for the shabbath. Therefore the Son of Man is Master also of the shabbath."
Regardless of the claims of the many religious groups who assert that they are worshipping Yahuwah, the Father of Yahushua the Anointed and us all, by attending the "church of their choice" on Sunday because that is the Shabbath day of Yahuwah, there is no scriptural support for their modification of the shabbath day from the seventh day of the week to the first day of the week.
If you believe that the Ten Words (Commandments) embody the requirements of Yahuwah for all of us to live by, read all of the fourth commandment carefully (Shemot [Exodus] 20:8-11), and then obey it.
A word of caution. The Ten Words actually were given and in force before the Law of Mosheh was given. Many people get these "commandments" confused with that law which is not binding on the followers of Yahushua. So beware of those who will tell you that the Ten Words are part of the Law of Mosheh for they are not. Even if they were, however, the principles are the law of Yahuwah and are binding on everyone everywhere. All of these ten are stated elsewhere, including the Greek scriptures, and are shown to be the will of Yahuwah.
Note that in many places where the Yisra'eliym (Israelites) got into trouble with Yahuwah it was for disregarding and profaning His sabbath. We are doing the same thing today and can expect to receive no better than did the Yisra'eliym who treated the day of Yahuwah with so little esteem.
NechemYahuw (Nehemiah) 13:17-18 Then I contended with the nobles of Yahudah and said to them, "What evil thing is this that you do in profaning the sabbath day? 18 Did not your fathers do the same and did not our Elohiym bring all this evil upon us and upon this city? Yet you bring more wrath upon Yisra'el by profaning the shabbath.
Related articles which you may find to be of interest.
The Lost Shabbath?
Lunar Shabbath Refuted by Scripture
The Shabbath Day of Yahuwah
When Does the Shabbath Start?
True Shabbath in the Languages of the World
The Shabbath Over the Centuries
Shabbath References in Scripture
Week Chart of the Shabbath